From Delocalisation to Backshoring? Evidence from Italian Industrial Districts

Chiara Burlina, Marco Bettiol, Maria Chiarvesio, Eleonora Di Maria

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)


In recent decades, industrial districts (ID) have experienced intense delocalisation to low-cost countries, with implications for IDs’ internal structure. Recent studies, however, highlight the advantages of relocalising manufacturing in home countries. This paper investigates ID firms’ production-location strategies and backshoring decisions. The results from a survey of 259 firms in eight Italian IDs show that firms that delocalise production do not change their strategies over time and make limited recourse to backshoring. ID production is still important to guarantee product quality and access to specialised know-how.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-154
Number of pages18
JournalInvestigaciones Regionales
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • Backshoring
  • Delocalisation
  • Development3304 Education
  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance (all)2001 Economics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Industrial districts
  • Italy
  • Manufacturing

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