Financing Decisions and Performance of Italian SMEs in the Hotel Industry

Marco Botta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


This study investigates the existence of an optimal capital structure for small and medium enterprise (SME) hotels through the analysis of the relationship between financing decisions and financial performance in a large sample of Italian hotel SMEs. The results show that hotel SMEs face an optimal capital structure that allows them to maximize returns to investors, while instead having both too little and too much debt reduces their financial performance. This notwithstanding, we show that hotel SMEs are not particularly concerned with optimizing their capital structure, and their funding behavior is deeply connected with the availability of internally available funds, a typical pecking order behavior, and they result extremely slow in converging toward their optimal level of leverage so that they could improve their performance by adopting a more sophisticated financial strategy.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)335-354
Number of pages20
JournalCornell Hospitality Quarterly
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • SMEs
  • capital structure dynamics
  • corporate performance
  • firm financing
  • hotel management
  • panel data models

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