Famiglia e disuguaglianza economica

Translated title of the contribution: [Autom. eng. transl.] Family and economic inequality

Luigi Pierfranco Campiglio

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


[Autom. eng. transl.] We analyze the relationship between total inequality of incomes in Italy and labor supply by families, distinguishing between couples with and without children, bireddite and single income, with full-time and part-time employment. We provide new empirical evidence on the differences between single-income and two-family families, broken down by number of children, based on an analysis of the universe of tax returns in Italy, reconstructed on a family basis. On the basis of the Oecd database and Eurostat data, we compare at European level the relationships existing between GDP per capita and the following types of families: a) with only one component working; b) with both members working full time; c) with a member who works full time and the other part time. Countries where both work full-time are characterized by a low level of GDP per capita and, on average, a higher rate of economic growth. The countries in which the overall inequality is greater are also those in which the share of families with a single earner is dominant, as in Italy: in countries where the share of expenditure on social protection GDP dedicated to families and children is greater even less overall inequality. Consequently we analyze in more depth the problem of reconciliation between family and work, in terms of a reconciliation between the private and social identities of its members. We have analyzed the social and economic roots of economic inequality at the family level, based on a specific elaboration of the Bank of Italy's survey on household budgets. The existence of a "similar attraction" regarding education levels is robustly confirmed: in 73% we estimate the probability that both husband and wife have an education level of no more than lower averages. The inequality of education levels is also reflected in an inequality of incomes of the wife and husband: 9% of the total income of bired families is perceived by wives and husbands with incomes in the highest quintile. We have identified a compensatory dynamic of women's work, compared to decreases in human income in single-income families. In terms of economic policy, we conclude on the need to implement structural policies, as well as short-term policies, to promote social mobility and economic growth.
Translated title of the contribution[Autom. eng. transl.] Family and economic inequality
Original languageItalian
Title of host publicationSistema economico e famiglia
Number of pages23
Publication statusPublished - 2013
EventSistema economico e famiglia - Milano
Duration: 16 Apr 201216 Apr 2012

Publication series

NameCollana Contributi, 7


ConferenceSistema economico e famiglia


  • disuguaglianza economica
  • famiglia
  • occupazione


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