Factors Influencing the Choice to Advise for or against COVID-19 Vaccination in the Physicians and Dentists of an Italian Region

Eleonora Marziali, Alberto Lontano, Luca Regazzi, Andrea Paladini, Leonardo Villani, Giovanna Elisa Calabro', Gianfranco Damiani, Patrizia Laurenti, Walter Ricciardi, Chiara Cadeddu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Healthcare workers (HCWs), particularly physicians, are a relevant and trusted source of information for patients, especially when health-related choices such as vaccination are concerned. Between July and November 2022, we administered a web-based survey to physicians and dentists living in the Latio region of Italy to explore whether their background might affect their willingness to recommend the COVID-19 vaccination to their patients (RCVtoPat) and their relatives (RCVtoRel). We performed a multivariable logistic regression to study the association between the two outcomes (RCVtoPat and RCVtoRel) and their potential determinants in our sample (n = 1464). We found that being a dentist, an increasing fear of COVID-19, and having been previously vaccinated against flu are positively associated with both RCVtoPat and RCVtoRel, while a better self-rated knowledge of COVID-19 vaccines is associated only with RCVtoRel. No role was found for age, sex, civil status, education level, information sources, previous SARS-CoV-2 infection, and chronic diseases. A subgroup analysis of physicians alone (n = 1305) demonstrated a positive association with RCVtoRel of being specialized in diagnostic/therapeutic services and a negative effect on RCVtoPat of being trained in general practice. We provide useful insights about the factors that should be addressed to ensure HCWs exert a positive influence on their patients and communities.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1793-N/A
JournalVaccines
Volume10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • COVID-19 vaccines
  • Italy
  • dentists
  • information sources
  • physicians
  • vaccine hesitancy

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