Factors Associated with Hospitalization before the Start of Long-Term Care among Elderly Disabled People

Andelija Arandelovic, Anna Acampora, Bruno Federico, Francesco Profili, Paolo Francesconi, Gianfranco Damiani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)


The growing number of elderly people with functional limitations, cognitive impairment, and disability is an organizational challenge for the health care sector. This study investigated the factors associated with hospitalization in the period between evaluation and the start of a long-term care (LTC) program for patients on the waiting list. A population-based historical cohort study was performed using data extracted from different administrative databases. The cohort included disabled individuals 65 years and older who were evaluated for entrance into an LTC program between January 1, 2012, and December 31, 2013, in Tuscany, Italy. The sample consisted of 11,429 subjects. The characteristics positively associated with hospital admission were residence zone {urban incidence rate ratio (IRR) = 0.83 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.74-0.94)}, number of prescribed drugs IRR = 1.01 (95% CI 1.00-1.02), a Charlson Comorbidity Index of 2 IRR = 1.44 (95% CI 1.26-1.64), and lower social conditions IRR = 0.99 (95% CI 0.98-1.00). The rate of hospitalization for patients with heart failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and dementia was higher than for patients without these diseases. Our results indicate that it may be possible to predict factors that can lead to hospitalization before the start of an LTC program.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)306-316
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Cohort Studies
  • Disabled Persons
  • Female
  • Heart Failure
  • Hospitalization
  • Humans
  • Italy
  • Long-Term Care
  • Male
  • Patient Admission
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • frail elderly
  • health care
  • hospitalization
  • long-term care
  • primary care


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