External Validation of a Prognostic Score for Survival in Lung Carcinoids

Marco Chiappetta, Diomira Tabacco, Carolina Sassorossi, Isabella Sperduti, Giacomo Cusumano, Alberto Terminella, Ludovic Fournel, Marco Alifano, Francesco Guerrera, Pier Luigi Filosso, Samanta Nicosia, Filippo Gallina, Francesco Facciolo, Stefano Margaritora, Filippo Lococo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: A prognostic score including T-dimension, age, histology and lymph node ratio was previously proposed in absence of an external validation dataset. The aim of the current study was to validate the proposed prognostic score using an independent dataset. Methods: Data of patients with lung carcinoids, who underwent surgical resection and lymphadenectomy in five institutions from 1 January 2005 to 31 December 2019, were retrospectively analyzed. Two risk groups were created based on the following data: age, histology, node ratio and pT for disease-free survival (DFS); age, sex, node ratio and pT for overall survival (OS). The previously proposed score was validated, identifying two groups of patients: a high risk (HRG) and low risk (LRG) group. Results: The final analysis was conducted on 283 patients. Regarding DFS, 230 (81.3%) patients were assigned to the LRG and 53 (18.7%) to the HRG. Considering OS, 268 (94.7%) were allocated in the LRG and 15 (5.3%) in the HRG. The 5-year DFS was 92.7% in the LRG vs. 67% in the HRG (p < 0.001) while the 5-year OS was 93.6% in the LRG vs. 86.2% in the HRG (p = 0.29) with clear curve separation. Conclusion: Our analysis confirmed the validity of the composite score for DFS in lung carcinoids. Regarding OS, statistical significance was not reached because of a low number of deaths and patients in the HRG.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)N/A-N/A
JournalCancers
Volume14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • lung carcinoid
  • upstaging
  • lymphadenectomy
  • lymph nodes

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