Expanding the Living Donor Pool "Second Act": Laparoscopic Donor Nephrectomy and ABO-Incompatible Kidney Transplantation Improve Donor Recruitment

Jacopo Romagnoli, Nicola Piccirillo, Gina Zini, Franco Citterio, Maria Paola Salerno, Rosaria Calia, Gionata Spagnoletti, Valentina Bianchi, Maddalena Maresca, Rossana Putzulu, Enzo Colaiori, M. P. Salerno, N. Mamode, R. Calia, V. Bianchi, P. Piselli, E. Cola

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: To safely expand our living donor pool, we recently decided to work on 3 areas: analysis of causes of exclusion of potential donors, the results of which we recently published, introduction of laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (LDN), and ABO-incompatible (ABOi) transplantation. We sought to determine the impact of the new strategy on living donor recruitment and transplantation during over a 10-year period at a single institution. METHODS: From January 2005 to September 2014, we evaluated 131 living donors. Of these, 80 (61%) were genetically related, 51 (39%) unrelated, 119 (91%) ABO compatible (ABOc), 12 ABOi (9%). The analysis was divided into 2 eras: era 1, 2005-2010 (n = 53) included the use of open lumbotomy and acceptance of ABOc only; and era 2, 2011-2014 (n = 78), which saw the introduction of LDN and ABOi transplantation. RESULTS: Forty-five (34%) potential candidates successfully donated, 67 (51%) were excluded, and 19 (15%) were actively undergoing evaluation. Overall, 53 potential donors were evaluated in era 1 (8.8 donors/year), 78 in era 2 (19.5 donors/year). There were fewer excluded donors in era 2 vs era 1 (62% era 1 vs 44% era 2), and living donor kidney transplantation (LDKT) significantly increased in era 2 vs era 1 (3.3/year era 1 vs 7.1/year era 2). The establishment of an ABOi LDKT program led to a 15% increase of evaluations in era 2 (12/78 donors). CONCLUSIONS: LDN along with ABOi LDKT allowed for an improvement in recruitment of living donors and corresponding LDKT.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2126-2129
Number of pages4
JournalTransplantation Proceedings
Volume47
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • ABO INCOMPATIBLE
  • TRANSPLANTATION

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