Evoluzione della dimensione aziendale: un'analisi esplorativa mediante la Configural Frequency Analysis

Translated title of the contribution: [Autom. eng. transl.] Evolution of the corporate dimension: an exploratory analysis through the Configural Frequency Analysis

Stefano Pareglio, Stefano Corsi, Andrea Tosini

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

[Autom. eng. transl.] The evolution of the agricultural sector in Western countries has been characterized in recent decades by a reduction in the number of farms, compared to an increase in their average size. This phenomenon is connected to macroeconomic dynamics that have led to a progressive shift of labor and capital towards the other productive sectors, to changes in lifestyles and expectations of the population and in particular of the younger generations, but also to internal dynamics of the agricultural sector, such as the spread of mechanization and the professional management of the company. Also in Lombardy we have witnessed this evolution, which is well described by the first results of the 6th General Census of Agriculture. In the first instance, the variation in the average area of the company (and its variability at the provincial level) leads us to believe that the increases are registered above all in the areas of the region where agriculture is more specialized and intensive, unlike what happens in the areas less productive. Compared to the 2000 Census data, there is also a decrease in small and medium-sized companies and the start (in some cases, intensification) of a process of land consolidation that favored large companies, above the 50 ha (which today represent around 10% of the companies, with 58% of the total agricultural area). However, the increase in company size must be related to other aspects of company management, in particular the employment and the invested capital. In fact, an increase in the average size of the company may correspond to both an extension of the crops connected to a lower intensity of use of capital and labor, and a professionalization that maintains or increases the intensity of use of the factors of production: a careful interpretation of the phenomenon, and of its distribution in the agricultural-territorial systems of Lombardy, can allow to delineate adequate development strategies for regional agriculture. The only descriptive statistics on the use of factors of production, in fact, do not allow a sufficiently refined interpretation of the evolution of the company dimension within the Lombard agricultural system. It was therefore decided to use survey methodologies that provide more complex and, presumably, more significant information. The methodology used requires a "thesis" which is responsible for verifying its veracity. To construct this thesis, information will be used regarding the access of farms to the investment measures of the RDP of the Lombardy Region and in particular to measure 121 which is the one that most directly relates to company investments. The work therefore aims to verify the thesis according to which the financing for structural interventions in a company involves the increase or conservation of the company surface and, therefore, to analyze the relationships between the intensity of use of the productive factors (workforce, use of fuels) and the variation of the company surface. It should be noted that the methodology used is little used in the economic sphere.
Translated title of the contribution[Autom. eng. transl.] Evolution of the corporate dimension: an exploratory analysis through the Configural Frequency Analysis
Original languageItalian
Title of host publicationSistemi agroalimentari ed economie nel bacino del Mediterraneo: istituzioni e politiche
Pages162-168
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 2013
EventConvegno SIDEA - Reggio di Calabria
Duration: 27 Sep 201229 Sep 2012

Conference

ConferenceConvegno SIDEA
CityReggio di Calabria
Period27/9/1229/9/12

Keywords

  • PAC
  • dimensione aziendale

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