The case studies provide good examples of how they are applicable in the real professional life, as well as being the best way to put into practice the knowledge acquired and to illustrate the principles that a training program should follow. The method is widely used by the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM), National Strength Conditioning Association (NSCA), the Canadian Society of Exercise Physiology (CSEP), the International Sports Sciences Association (ISSA). The approach to the assessment of a case study involves three aspects: 1. screening and risk stratification; 2. evaluation of the components of the physical form; 3. information regarding physical activity and exercise to practice; After presenting a concise this type of approach, particular attention will be paid to the case studies as examples. Risk Stratification Although physical activity is crucial to the health and the prevention of a large number of diseases (cardiovascular problems, osteoporosis, certain forms of cancer and cerebrovascular disease, to name a few), the prior assessment of health status, or the level of risk of the starting situation of the client, it is vital that it is carried out, before proceeding with the involvement of the same in a training program, in order to prevent the occurrence of problems that this can cause (for example, people who suffer from forms of undiagnosed coronary artery disease are particularly at risk of myocardial infarction during exercise). The ACSM distinguishes three levels of risk: low (down to 44 year old men, women under 54, with no more than one risk factor for coronary artery disease or no symptoms); moderate (45 years for men, 55 for women, subjects with two or more risk factors), high (one or more symptoms of cardiopulmonary distress or with established cardiovascular disease, pulmonary or metabolic). For the preliminary assessment of the level of risk of the customer using a questionnaire (see chapter 2). The interpretation of the answers given by the customer follows the type of stress test to which he will undergo and the type of workout program that will take. A valued customer with a low risk factor, examined the status of training, can perform maximal exercise stress test and undertake a program of intense training. A subject at average risk factor can be tested sub-maximal (intensity and moderate resistance). Customers with a high risk factor should not be subjected to any kind of test or program without the direct supervision / the direct involvement of a specialist doctor.
|Translated title of the contribution||[Autom. eng. transl.] Exercises and case studies related to specific subjects|
|Title of host publication||Fitness: un approccio scientifico|
|Number of pages||12|
|Publication status||Published - 2013|
- Esercizio Fisico