Enzymatic processing of beta-destroglycan recombinant ectodomain by MMP-9: identification of the main cleavage site.

Manuela Bozzi, Rosanna Inzitari, Ernesto Pavoni, Simona Morlacchi, Massimo Castagnola, Bruno Giardina, Andrea Brancaccio, Diego Sbardella, Susanna Monaco, Magda Gioia, Stefano Marini, Francesca Sciandra, Massimiliano Coletta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Dystroglycan (DG) is a membrane receptor belonging to the complex of glycoproteins associated to dystrophin. DG is formed by two subunits, alpha-DG, a highly glycosylated extracellular matrix protein, and beta-DG, a transmembrane protein. The two DG subunits interact through the C-terminal domain of alpha-DG and the N-terminal extracellular domain of beta-DC, in a non-covalent way. Such interaction is crucial to maintain the integrity of the plasma membrane. In some pathological conditions, the interaction between the two DG subunits may be disrupted by the proteolytic activity of gelatinases (i.e. MMP-9 and/or MMP-2) that removes a portion or the whole beta-DG ectodomain producing a 30 kDa truncated form of beta-DG. However, the molecular mechanism underlying this event is still unknown. In this study, we carried out proteolysis of the recombinant extracellular domain of beta-DG, beta-DG(654-750) with human MMP-9, characterizing the catalytic parameters of its cleavage. Furthermore, using a combined approach based on SDS-PAGE, MALDI-TOF and HPLC-ESI-IT mass spectrometry, we were able to identify one main MMP-9 cleavage site that is localized between the amino acids His-715 and Leu-716 of beta-DG, and we analysed the proteolytic fragments of beta-DG(654-750) produced by MMP-9 enzymatic activity. (C) 2009 IUBMB IUBMB Life, 61: 1143-1152, 2009
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1143-1152
Number of pages10
JournalIUBMB Life
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Keywords

  • ENZYMATIC

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