Emerging clinical applications of computed tomography

Riccardo Marano, Carlo Liguori, Giulia Frauenfelder, Carlo Massaroni, Paola Saccomandi, Francesco Giurazza, Francesca Pitocco, Emiliano Schena

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

X-ray computed tomography (CT) has recently been experiencing remarkable growth as a result of technological advances and new clinical applications. This paper reviews the essential physics of X-ray CT and its major components. Also reviewed are recent promising applications of CT, ie, CT-guided procedures, CT-based thermometry, photon-counting technology, hybrid PET-CT, use of ultrafast-high pitch scanners, and potential use of dual-energy CT for material differentiations. These promising solutions and a better knowledge of their potentialities should allow CT to be used in a safe and effective manner in several clinical applications.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)265-278
Number of pages14
JournalMEDICAL DEVICES
Volume8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • X-ray
  • computed tomography
  • dual-energy
  • guidance
  • photon-counting technology
  • thermometry
  • ultrafast scanner

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