Elective Neck Dissection during Salvage Total Laryngectomy: Personal Experience

Jacopo Galli, Giovanni Di Cintio, Stefano Settimi, Antonio Salvati, Claudio Parrilla, Giovanni Almadori, Gaetano Paludetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The role of elective neck dissection during salvage surgery in patients with a clinically negative neck (cN0) is still discussed. The main objective of this work was to estimate the prevalence and predictive factors of occult neck nodes metastasis; we therefore aimed to evaluate the survival rate and the main oncologic outcomes of cN0 patients who underwent salvage total laryngectomy and elective bilateral neck dissection. In this retrospective observational study, we enrolled 80 cN0 patients affected by recurrent laryngeal cancer and who underwent salvage total laryngectomy and bilateral selective elective neck dissection. Several parameters were collected in order to find prognostic factors; finally, postoperative complications were reviewed and survival analysis was performed. Occult lymph node metastases were reported in 18 out of 80 patients (22.5%). Significant statistical correlation between lymphovascular invasion (p = 0.007), perineural invasion (p = 0.025) and occult nodal metastasis was found. Other variables (glottic subsite of recurrence, clinical T, pathological T, previous chemotherapy) were not significantly predictive of occult nodal metastasis. The 5-year OS, DSS, and RFS were 50.4%, 64.7%, and 63.4%, respectively. In conclusion, our single-institution data on a large cohort of patients, suggest performing routinely elective selective bilateral neck dissection during salvage total laryngectomy in cN0 patients due to the biological attitude of the tumor to spread to cervical nodes, considering an acceptable complications rate.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1438-N/A
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Elective neck dissection
  • Larynx cancer
  • Occult nodal metastasis
  • Salvage total laryngectomy

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