Effetti di un training di potenziamento neurocognitivo supportato da wearable devices: evidenze psicometriche, neuropsicologiche e psicofisiologiche nel lifespan

Translated title of the contribution: [Autom. eng. transl.] Effects of a neurocognitive enhancement training supported by wearable devices: psychometric, neuropsychological and psychophysiological evidence in lifespan

Davide Crivelli, Michela Balconi, Giulia Fronda, Giulia Fronda

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

[Autom. eng. transl.] Introduction: In recent years, there has been a growing trend in the diffusion of wearable devices, such as smart-bands and activity-trackers, designed for health promotion. The most recent developments in this trend have seen the application of wearable devices capable of detecting peripheral (such as heart rate) and central (such as electroencephalic activity) biosignals in a non-invasive way for neurocognitive enhancement, outlining possible practical implications also with a view to primary prevention of cognitive decline processes. In particular, it has been shown how intensive enhancement protocols that integrate mindfulness and training approach based on wearable neurofeedback devices can lead to a reduction of physiological and subjective stress markers and improve neurocognitive efficiency in healthy adult samples ( Balconi, Fronda, & Crivelli, 2019; Bhayee et al., 2016; Crivelli, Fronda, Venturella, & Balconi, 2019). Starting from these evidences, the present work aims to explore the potential of this integrated neurocognitive enhancement protocol in different age groups. Materials and Methods: A total of 55 volunteers (30 young adults, 15 adults over 50, 10 elderly over 65) took part in the study. Young adult participants were randomly divided into an active control group (N = 15) and an experimental group (N = 15). All participants underwent three-week intensive training protocols, consisting of daily practice sessions. The experimental groups (young adults, over 50 and over 65) practiced exercises drawn from the mindfulness approach with the support of a dedicated neurofeedback device, while the control group practiced breathing exercises without the support of the device. In order to test the training results, all participants underwent standardized psychometric, neuropsychological and psychophysiological assessment sessions at the entrance and at the end of the course. Results: The comparison between the pre-and post-training evaluation data showed, for all experimental groups, better executive control skills, a reduction in perceived stress levels and an improvement in the psycho-physiological markers of vagal tone and parasympathetic control of the stress response. In addition, the experimental young-adult participants showed an improvement in electrophysiological attention regulation markers (amplitude of the ERP N2 component in attentional tasks), the experimental participants over 50 showed an improvement in the electroencephalographic markers of reactivity and balance between relaxation state and resting-state activation, while experimental participants over-65 showed an improvement in the electrophysiological markers of emotional regulation (frontal asymmetry index for the alpha band) associated with the reduction of the subclinical depressive symptomatology. Discussion: The study highlights the potential of integrating traditional enhancement and new technology interventions both with a view to promoting subjective well-being and improving emotional regulation skills, and with neurocognitive enhancement with preventive purpose, across different age groups . Bibliography Balconi, M., Fronda, G., & Crivelli, D. (2019). Effects of technology-mediated mindfulness practice on stress: psychophysiological and self-report measures. Stress, 22 (2), 200–209. https://doi.org/10.1080/10253890.2018.1531845 Bhayee, S., Tomaszewski, P., Lee, DH, Moffat, G., Pino, L., Moreno, S., & Farb, NAS (2016). Attentional and affective consequences of technology supported mindfulness training: a randomized, active control, efficacy trial. BMC Psycholog
Translated title of the contribution[Autom. eng. transl.] Effects of a neurocognitive enhancement training supported by wearable devices: psychometric, neuropsychological and psychophysiological evidence in lifespan
Original languageItalian
Title of host publicationProgramma del «Congresso Annuale SINP 2019»
PagesN/A
Number of pages2
Publication statusPublished - 2019
EventCongresso Annuale SINP 2019 - Bologna
Duration: 6 Dec 20196 Dec 2019

Conference

ConferenceCongresso Annuale SINP 2019
CityBologna
Period6/12/196/12/19

Keywords

  • Ciclo di vita
  • Mindfulness
  • Neurofeedback
  • Potenziamento neurocognitivo
  • Wearable device

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