Effects of late REopening of Coronary total Occlusion on micRovascular perfusion and myocarDial function: the RECORD study

Leonarda Galiuto, Francesco Burzotta, Filippo Crea, Sabrina Barchetta, Alberto De Caterina, Gabriella Locorotondo, Antonio Maria Leone, Giampaolo Niccoli, Antonio Giuseppe Rebuzzi, Elisa Fedele

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7 Citations (Scopus)


AIMS: The effects of the reopening of a coronary total occlusion (CoTO) on microvascular perfusion in subacute or chronic coronary syndromes are actually unclear. We aimed at evaluating the microvascular perfusion pattern by myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE), in addition to contractile function, before and after CoTO reopening. METHODS: Twenty four patients with subacute and chronic coronary syndromes and CoTO datable >7 days underwent evaluation of microvascular perfusion and left ventricular (LV) function by MCE (Acuson Sequoia, with Sonovue, Bracco) before the reopening of the CoTO and at 9 ± 3 months of follow-up. Microvascular perfusion was semi-quantitatively assessed by the contrast score index (CSI), whereas the endocardial length of the perfusion defect [contrast defect length (CDL)], measured in three apical views and averaged, was expressed as a percentage of the total LV endocardial border. The wall motion score index (WMSI), LV volumes, and ejection fraction were also calculated. RESULTS: At baseline, a mild impairment of LV contractile function was observed, which corresponded to a similar impairment of the coronary microvascular perfusion in the overall study population. At follow-up, a significant reduction of CDL% [8.23 (0-19.63) vs. 0 (0-3.68), P = 0.005], improvement of the CSI (1.41 ± 0.29 vs. 1.12 ± 0.17, P = 0.001) and the WMSI (1.73 ± 0.41 vs. 1.33 ± 0.34, P = 0.0004), and increase in the ejection fraction (47.48% ± 8.66 vs. 55.60% ± 8.29, P = 0.0001) were found. CONCLUSION: Reopening of a CoTO in patients with clinical indications to myocardial revascularization is associated with the improvement of coronary microvascular perfusion and the recovery of contractile function
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)N/A-N/A
Publication statusPublished - 2012




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