Efectos de la resolución del contrato por incumplimiento: restituciones e indemnización por daños en una perspectiva de comparación dentro de la latinidad jurídica

Translated title of the contribution: [Autom. eng. transl.] Effects of the termination of the contract due to non-compliance: restitution and compensation for damages in a comparison perspective within legal Latinity

María Isabel Troncoso, Andrea Nicolussi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The essay addresses the restitutions derived from the resolution for non-compliance in a comparative way within the “legal Latinity”. It compares the solutions accepted in Italian law (European legal latinity), and those of two Latin American legal systems, Colombia, and Peru. From the point of view of the discipline dedicated to resolution (termination) and its consequences, the Italian and Peruvian codes are the most advanced, while the Colombian one, which dates from the nineteenth century, leaves ample room for the jurisprudential development of this remedy. In any event, the three legal systems seem to converge on the role of restitution as a tool to return the parties to the economic situation prior to the contract. However, with regard to the basis of the restitution function, uncertainties persist between the condictio indebiti and restitutions specifically regulated in the framework of rhe resolution (termination). Even the reciprocal link between the restitutions owed by the two parties remains undeepened. Finally, the coordination between restitution and compensation for damages in the context of the resolution seems to be more clearly captured in the Italian doctrine, to which the Peruvian doctrine seems closer. Damages must be compatible with the fact that the fullfilling party of the contract no longer owes its observance to the contract, and waives the consideration. Damages cannot therefore include the value of the performance unfulfilled, but must protect the party who is faithful to the contract in terms of its positive interest in the contract, that is to say, the benefit that he would have obtained by using the performance due if it had been fulfilled.
Translated title of the contribution[Autom. eng. transl.] Effects of the termination of the contract due to non-compliance: restitution and compensation for damages in a comparison perspective within legal Latinity
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)9-29
Number of pages21
JournalIus et Veritas
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Keywords

  • Restituciones
  • Resolución
  • Daños y perjuicios
  • Latinidad jurídica
  • Contratos
  • Civil Law
  • Restitution
  • Determination
  • Damages
  • Legal latinity
  • Contracts
  • Derecho civil

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