Echography in brain imaging in intensive care unit: State of the art

Anselmo Caricato, Luca Montini, Massimo Antonelli, Sara Pitoni, Maria Grazia Bocci, Maria Giuseppina Annetta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Transcranial Sonography (TCS) is an ultrasound-based imaging technique, which allows the identification of several structures within the brain parenchyma. In the past it has been applied for bedside assessment of different intracranial pathologies in children. Presently, TCS is also used on adult patients to diagnose intracranial space occupying lesions of various origins, intracranial hemorrhage, hydrocephalus, midline shift and neurodegenerative movement disorders, in both acute and chronic clinical settings. In comparison with conventional neuroimaging methods (such as Computed Tomography or Magnetic Resonance), TCS has the advantages of low costs, short investigation times, repeatability, and bedside availability. These noninvasive characteristics, together with the possibility of offering a continuous patient neuro-monitoring system, determine its applicability in multiple emergency and non-emergency settings. Currently, TCS is a still underestimated imaging modality that requires a wider diffusion and a qualified training process.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)636-642
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • brain echography


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