Drawing to reconstruct: Pilot study on acknowledging prisoners' internal and external resources in a penitentiary institution

Diego Boerchi, Maria Letizia Cesana, Francesca Giordano, Marta Rivolta, Cristina Castelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Since the first offender rehabilitation treatments, all theoretical approaches have been focusing on reducing risk factors that may influence recidivism, without satisfactory results. Recent resilience research has instead shown the important mediating or moderating role of protective factors and provided the theoretical principles for the Good Lives Model Comprehensive. This holistic model suggests the importance of integrating the reduction of risk factors with the reinforcement of protective factors in offenders’ treatment programs. This combined action is considered the main condition through which offenders are motivated to change their life and develop a sense of agency on their current life conditions. This article presents a pilot study, aimed at analyzing the feasibility of a psychosocial intervention, based on graphic workshops. The purpose of the intervention is helping prisoners strive toward adaptation in jail, and facilitating the redesign of their life beyond bars. Drawing activities allowed prisoners to enhance their own internal and external resources, and recognize risk and protective factors that could influence their successful reintegration into society. The main limit of this study is directly linked to the setting of the penitentiary institution where the study was conducted, which is characterized by a high prisoners’ turn over.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)392-411
Number of pages20
JournalWorld Futures
Volume74
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Prisoners
  • drawing
  • offenders’ rehabilitation
  • positive psychology
  • risk and protective factors

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