The initial diagnosis and subsequent treatment of rhino-orbital mucormycoses is quite difficult, particularly because the patient may find it difficult to accept aggressive therapeutic protocols, even when free of any endocranial involvement. The authors draw inspiration from a clinical case of rhino-orbital mucormycosis in a patient suffering from decompensated type I diabetes mellitus to discuss the main clinical-diagnostic and therapeutic aspects of this disorder. Timely medical-surgical treatment proves extremely important for prognosis, preventing the intracranial extension of the lesion which is the cause of death in 80% of such cases. As regards the diagnostic protocol, careful clinical, radiological monitoring with CT and NMR--in strict interdisciplinary cooperation between otorhinolaryngologist, radiologist, ophthalmologist, microbiologist and histopathologist--is especially important. Radical surgery, at times demolition, associated with correction of the metabolic decompensation, systemic therapy with Amphotericin B and localbi-weekly medication for three months constitutes the best therapeutic protocol for treatment of this disorder.
|Translated title of the contribution||[Autom. eng. transl.] Difficulties in the clinical, radiological and therapeutic evaluation of the initial stage of mucormycosis of the rhinosinus|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica|
|Publication status||Published - 2000|