Development of a Multiplex PCR Platform for the Rapid Detection of Bacteria, Antibiotic Resistance, and Candida in Human Blood Samples

Brunella Posteraro, Giulia De Angelis, Teresa Spanu, Maurizio Sanguinetti, Flora Marzia Liotti, Giulia Menchinelli, Franca Mannu, Franco Carta, Antonella Pantaleo, Pier Luigi Fiori, Francesco Turrini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The diagnosis of bloodstream infections (BSIs) still relies on blood culture (BC), but low turnaround times may hinder the early initiation of an appropriate antimicrobial therapy, thus increasing the risk of infection-related death. We describe a direct and rapid multiplex PCR-based assay capable of detecting and identifying 16 bacterial and four Candida species, as well as three antibiotic-resistance determinants, in uncultured samples. Using whole-blood samples spiked with microorganisms at low densities, we found that the MicrobScan assay had a mean limit of detection of 15.1 ± 3.3 CFU of bacteria/Candida per ml of blood. When applied to positive BC samples, the assay allowed the sensitive and specific detection of BSI pathogens, including blaKPC-, mecA-, or vanA/vanB-positive bacteria. We evaluated the assay using prospectively collected blood samples from patients with suspected BSI. The sensitivity and specificity were 86.4 and 97.0%, respectively, among patients with positive BCs for the microorganisms targeted by the assay or patients fulfilling the criteria for infection. The mean times to positive or negative assay results were 5.3 ± 0.2 and 5.1 ± 0.1 h, respectively. Fifteen of 20 patients with MicrobScan assay-positive/BC-negative samples were receiving antimicrobial therapy. In conclusion, the MicrobScan assay is well suited to complement current diagnostic methods for BSIs.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)389-N/A
Number of pages12
JournalFrontiers in cellular and infection microbiology
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Candida
  • Microbscan assay
  • antibiotic resistance genes
  • bacteria
  • blood samples
  • multiplex PCR

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