Determinants of platelet activation in Alzheimer's disease.

Carlo Patrono, G Ciabattoni, E Porreca, C Di Febbo, A Di Iorio, R Paganelli, T Bucciarelli, L Pescara, L Del Re, C Giusti, A Falco, A Sau, G. Davì

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49 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the rate of platelet thromboxane (TX) biosynthesis and its determinants in Alzheimer's disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: A cross-sectional comparison of urinary 11-dehydro-TXB(2) and 8-iso-prostaglandin (PG)F(2alpha) (markers of in vivo platelet activation and lipid peroxidation, respectively), plasma Vitamin E, C-reactive protein (CRP), tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and interleukin (IL)-6, was carried-out in 44 Alzheimer patients and 44 matched controls. To investigate the cyclooxygenase (COX)-isoform involved in TXA(2) biosynthesis, nine Alzheimer patients were treated with low-dose aspirin (100mg/d) or rofecoxib (25mg/d) for 4 days. Urinary 11-dehydro-TXB(2) and 8-iso-PGF(2alpha) were significantly higher in Alzheimer patients than in controls (Median: 1983.5 versus 517.5pg/mg creatinine and 938.5 versus 304.0pg/mg creatinine, p<0.0001, respectively), with a significant correlation between the two metabolites (rho=0.75, p<0.0001). An inverse correlation was observed between Vitamin E and both urinary metabolites (8-iso-PGF(2alpha): R(s)=-0.51, p=0.0004; 11-dehydro-TXB(2): R(s)=-0.44, p=0.0026) in Alzheimer patients. No difference was found in CRP, TNF-alpha and IL-6 levels between the two groups. Urinary 11-dehydro-TXB(2) was significantly reduced by aspirin, but not by rofecoxib, consistently with a COX-1-mediated TXA(2) biosynthesis. 8-iso-PGF(2alpha) excretion was not modified by either COX-inhibitor, consistently with its oxygen radical-catalyzed formation. CONCLUSIONS: Platelet activation is persistently enhanced in Alzheimer's disease. This is related, at least in part, to increased lipid peroxidation associated with inadequate levels of Vitamin E.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)336-342
Number of pages7
JournalNeurobiology of Aging
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • platelet activation

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