Decline and Recovery of the Italian Gun-Making District in the Nineteenth Century. A Comparative Analysis of the Role of Public Authorities and Factories

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Abstract

In the nineteenth century, the production of small arms underwent significant technological change. Faced with new needs, both qualitative and quantitative, governments began to pursue the modernization of production processes through mechanization and vertical integration. These technological advances, chief of which was the American System of Manufacturing developed in US arsenals, had a significant impact on the long-established European gun-making districts, where craft producers had to deal with disturbances and crises. The study focuses on the Italian district and the key factors in its resilience, with a contextual, comparative analysis within a broader framework comprising the UK and Spain. The research demonstrates that public authorities and factories can play a crucial role in determining change and resilience in industrial districts.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)127-174
Number of pages48
JournalTHE JOURNAL OF EUROPEAN ECONOMIC HISTORY
Volume49
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Factory system
  • Firearms
  • Industrial district
  • Public authority
  • Resilience

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