Dare e ricevere cura in famiglia, il caso dei progetti di Home Care: alcuni dati italiani ed europei

Translated title of the contribution: [Autom. eng. transl.] Giving and receiving care in the family, the case of Home Care projects: some Italian and European data

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

[Autom. eng. transl.] The Italian family has been overwhelmed by numerous and profound changes that contextually highlight its resilience, the capacity, that is, while modifying itself, to cope with the tasks and challenges that are its own. Generations continue to take care of each other, as data on exchanges in the primary and informal network show, at Italian and European level. The theme of care represents the symbolic code that guides the family relationship: it can express itself, without being exhausted, in the helping behavior, but it is not activated only in case of danger. Caring for someone means first and foremost ensuring the possibility of the bond through taking on the needs of the other, meaning, that is, creating a donative social relationship. As shown by research in advanced welfare systems, internal and external exchanges of the family increase as there is a synergistic relationship between the various social actors. The home environment has always played a key role in care. In the West, the concept of "domicile" has developed on the basis of the recognition of the house as a "social place". The house is a primeval place, a sort of magna mater, in which the first foods were received, even psychological, the first education and the first tools to face the difficulties of existence. The house is by definition the place of physical and social security. Since the 1980s, even after the increase in the elderly population and the spread of chronic diseases, there has been a recovery in the value and culture of home care through the implementation of home care programs. The possibility of remaining within a meaningful context for existence promotes the spread of well-being, understood not only as physical health, but as a systemic complex of elements that concern the person and the relationships with his environment. In this sense, through the recognition of the right to choose, domicile returns to the individual his dignity. Yet home care is not without risks: The biggest is that the living and family space turns into closure and self-referentiality, leading to a progressive isolation in the home. Therefore the domus oriented services / programs that focus on the home, must measure themselves with new criteria and, precisely the familiarization, the personalization and the co-production that allow today to promote interventions more attentive to the new needs of fragile people, in a perspective of greater personal and relational well-being
Translated title of the contribution[Autom. eng. transl.] Giving and receiving care in the family, the case of Home Care projects: some Italian and European data
Original languageItalian
Title of host publicationPercorsi innovativi di assistenza domiciliare. Il progetto nazionale home care premium
EditorsDONATELLA BRAMANTI
Pages15-42
Number of pages28
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Anziani fragili
  • Home care
  • care giver

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