CT angiography in stent-graft sizing: impact of using inner vs. outer wall measurements of aortic neck diameters.

Roberto Iezzi, Roberta Dattesi, Federica Pirro, Massimiliano Nestola, Marco Santoro, Francesco Snider, Lorenzo Bonomo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)


PURPOSE: To assess the impact of using inner wall vs. outer wall measurements on stent-graft sizing for endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). METHODS: Preoperative static and electrocardiographically-gated 64-slice computed tomographic angiography (CTA) datasets were acquired on 40 consecutive AAA patients (29 men; mean age 78.9 ± 6 years, range 75-89). On static images, the aortic neck diameters were manually measured twice by 2 readers at 3 clinically relevant levels (supra-, juxta-, and infrarenal). The measurements were obtained from intima-to-intima (inner wall) and from adventitia-to-adventitia (outer wall). Dynamically reconstructed scans were also reviewed in each phase of the cardiac cycle to identify inner and outer minimum/maximum diameters. Using inner and outer wall measurements performed on static images, readers selected the size of a stent-graft that required inner neck diameter measurements and then one that required outer wall diameters. To calculate the relative oversizing, each selected stent-graft size was compared to that obtained using dynamic measurements. Oversizing <4% or >30% was considered inadequate. RESULTS: Mean variations for the inner and outer wall diameters of 9.75% ± 4.01% and 8.66% ± 3.71%, respectively, were recorded on static CTAs; the absolute changes in diameters were 1.82 ± 0.63 mm and 1.91 ± 0.64 mm, respectively. No statistically significant differences were found relative to aortic pulsatility at the 3 levels in the neck for the inner or outer wall diameters. Significant variability was seen between inner (mean 20.8 ± 3.4 mm) vs. outer (mean 23.7 ± 4.3 mm; p < 0.05) wall diameters. Stent-graft sizes significantly changed on the basis of the measurement method and device; for example, using the outer diameter to size a stent-graft that requires an inner diameter reference changed 36% of the selected stent-graft sizes, with ~20% being excessively oversized. Conversely, using the inner diameter to size an outer-diameter-based stent-graft resulted in nearly 40% of the sizes being altered. Based on dynamic measurements, the changes were more dramatic: the oversizing was considered excessive in up to 90% of patients if the measurement method did not match the stent-graft's stipulated reference. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that stent-graft sizing should follow the manufacturer's recommendations for using inner or outer diameter references based on dynamic patterns (mean value between diastolic and systolic diameters suggested).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)280-288
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Endovascular Therapy
Publication statusPublished - 2011


  • angiography


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