Creatività embodied: gli effetti della postura aperta vs. chiusa sul pensiero divergente

Translated title of the contribution: [Autom. eng. transl.] Embodied creativity: the effects of open posture vs. closed on divergent thinking

Alessandro Antonietti, Valentina Rita Andolfi, Chiara Di Nuzzo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

[Autom. eng. transl.] Creative thinking is linked to the body dimension. Ijzerman, Leung and Ong (2014) found that sensations of heat and cold affect distinct aspects of creativity. Even the actions performed with the body affect creativity (Slepian and Ambady, 2012; Leung et al., 2012). In continuity with a first study, in the present investigation we intend to confirm, through a different experimental design, that also the posture influences the creative processes and analyze the relationship with the levels of psychophysiological activation. Twenty university students performed a divergent thought test, taken from the Torrance test, in which they asked to list what would happen if there were ropes coming down from the clouds and a proof of logical thinking asking them to establish the correctness of a series of syllogisms. The tests were carried out assuming either an open posture (sitting with arms and legs spread apart) or closed (sitting curled up with folded arms). Conductance and skin temperature and cardiac activity parameters were recorded during the tests. The scores of fluidity, flexibility and originality in the divergent thought test were significantly superior in the open posture condition compared to the closed one (respectively, t = 2.71, 1.96, 1.95) while no differences in performance emerged in the logical task (t = 0.69). No significant differences were found in the psychophysiological indices between the two postures. Psychophysiological measures were not correlated with performance in tasks. The results of the experiment confirm that the posture in which one faces a task that requires creativity influences performance. The effect seems to depend not on the state of psychophysiological activation that accompanies the posture, but on the metaphorical meaning of the latter, with the open posture to suggest a psychological disposition favoring the enlargement of the mental field.
Translated title of the contribution[Autom. eng. transl.] Embodied creativity: the effects of open posture vs. closed on divergent thinking
Original languageItalian
Title of host publicationAtti del convegno: XX Congresso di Psicologia sperimentale AIP
Pages1-83
Number of pages83
Publication statusPublished - 2014
EventXX Congresso di Psicologia sperimentale - Pavia
Duration: 15 Sept 201417 Sept 2014

Conference

ConferenceXX Congresso di Psicologia sperimentale
CityPavia
Period15/9/1417/9/14

Keywords

  • creatività
  • embodied cognition
  • postura

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