The assessment that the Russian thinkers of XIX-XX centuries make of Constantine may be seen as an alternative to the usual contraposition between the traditional (though disembodied) purity of the origins and the reduction of Christianity to a mere instrument of an exclusively secular power. To this end, (moral) judgement is no longer conceived in terms of an internal consistency to some pre-established principle but as the question of the relationship with Christ – Christ as a person not reducible to a set of values and ideas, either moral or theological. This new approach was exemplified by Solovyov through the comparison between byzantinism and Peter the Great. To Solovyov, the first meant a typical reduction of faith to a series of abstractions (therefore, without a chance to overcome the abstract contraposition between a disembodied purity and the corruption of power); while, on the other hand, the second, in spite of its tragic failure, implied an idea of morality based on the acknowledgment of /the search for a power greater than the earthly one.
|Translated title of the contribution||[Autom. eng. transl.] Constantine in Russian philosophical and theological thought of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries|
|Title of host publication||Costantino a Milano. L’editto e la sua storia (313-2013)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 2017|