[Autom. eng. transl.] Nietzsche and the body. Nietzsche and his body, between desperate disease and extraordinary physical energy. Nietzsche and the fragmented bodies that shout from every corner of the city to convince Zarathustra of their total perfection. Nietzsche and the bodies of those who despise the body, and who do not want to have one at all: Christians, moralists, metaphysicians. Bodies fought between heaven and earth, in eternal contention with that spiritual soul who believes he can do without them. A rational ego who does not like to lose ground towards the body and who, at any moment, wants to claim its primacy over it. Nietzsche is a body that finally embraces that reason which for centuries had been denied it: it welcomes it within itself to transform it into an embodied reason. A body that, despite all the prisons it can represent, is always there to shake us, to remind us that a different human is truly possible. A Nietzsche as always extravagant. Easy in the controversy, at times impetuous and without half measures. Despite this, its phenomenology of bodies offers valuable insights into existence, inviting ethics and anthropology, at least in some respects, to rethink itself in depth. Nietzsche encourages reason to continually question itself. It pushes her to leave behind all the ways in which traditional metaphysics and morals have always designated her: rational soul, I, conscience. Ultimately, he calls her to "follow the common thread of the body, a more complex phenomenon than the self", aware that only by going in this direction will it be possible to "discover the enormous multiplicity" of the human. Nietzsche's multiple observations around the body undoubtedly represent a fundamental hermeneutic point in the context of moral reflection on the theme of corporeality. At the same time, the reconstruction of his thought on this delicate subject constitutes a decisive test-bed for critically rethinking reason, trying to review his position within the human world. The leitmotiv of the body binds firmly together the harsh criticisms that Nietzsche addresses to western civilization, which, from Socrates onwards, has seen the predominance of an abstract and calculating rationality to the detriment of an embodied and more human reason. From youthful writings to those of maturity, from Zarathustra to the latest polemical pamphlets, passing through the myriad of posthumous fragments. Disseminated in almost all his works and spread over a period of almost twenty years, his interest in the body dimension of the human never loses tension.
|Translated title of the contribution||[Autom. eng. transl.] Bodies and reasons. Nietzsche and the complexity of the human|
|Number of pages||19|
|Journal||MEDICINA E MORALE|
|Publication status||Published - 2017|