Consideration of latent infections improves the prediction of botrytis bunch rot severity in vineyards

Giorgia Fedele, Vittorio Rossi, Elisa González-Domínguez, Laurent Delière, Ana M. Díez-Navajas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The current study validated a mechanistic model for Botrytis cinerea on grapevine with data from 23 independent Botrytis bunch rot (BBR) epidemics (combinations of vineyards × year) that occurred between 1997 and 2018 in Italy, France, and Spain. The model was operated for each vineyard by using weather data and vine growth stages to anticipate, at any day of the vine-growing season, the disease severity (DS) at harvest (severe, DS $ 15%; intermediate, 5 < DS < 15%; and mild, DS # 5%). To determine the ability of the model to account for latent infections, postharvest incubation assays were also conducted using mature berries without symptoms or signs of BBR. The model correctly classified the severity of 15 of 23 epidemics (65% of epidemics) when the classification was based on field assessments of BBR severity; when the model was operated to include BBR severity after incubation assays, its ability to correctly predict BBR severity increased from 65% to >87%. This result showed that the model correctly accounts for latent infections, which is important because latent infections can substantially increase DS. The model was sensitive and specific, with the false-positive and false-negative proportion of model predictions equal to 0.24 and 0, respectively. Therefore, the model may be considered a reliable tool for decision-making for BBR control in vineyards.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1291-1297
Number of pages7
JournalPlant Disease
Volume104
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Botrytis
  • Botrytis cinerea
  • Farms
  • France
  • Humans
  • Infections
  • Italy
  • Latency
  • Mechanistic model
  • Plant Diseases
  • Spain
  • Validation
  • Vitis

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