Conoscenze e credenze sui processi decisionali degli anziani

Translated title of the contribution: [Autom. eng. transl.] Knowledge and beliefs about the decision-making processes of the elderly

Paola Iannello, Alessandro Antonietti, Alessia Rosi, Elena Cavallini

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

[Autom. eng. transl.] Knowledge and beliefs about the decision-making processes of the elderly The investigation of decision-making processes in aging is an area that is enjoying increasing interest, from which emerges a general decline in decision-making capacity with advancing age. Still little attention is paid to the perception that older people have of their own decision-making skills. The purpose of this study is to analyze the metacognitive aspects of decision-making processes. In particular we wanted to investigate personal beliefs, that is what young and old people think of their own decision-making processes, and general beliefs, that is what people think of this ability related to others. A sample of 50 subjects, belonging to two age groups (young and old), were given three metacognitive questionnaires: a questionnaire on the knowledge of decision-making processes, one on personal beliefs and one on general beliefs. An objective test was then administered to measure the decision-making ability of the participants. The results show age differences in the trial of decision-making processes, in which the elderly report lower performance. No particular age differences emerge in relation to metacognitive knowledge. With regard to personal beliefs, on the other hand, the elderly perceive themselves as more efficient than the young and also believe that making decisions has become simpler over the years. These differences are reflected in the general beliefs: the elderly believe that the seventy years have better performances than the young. These results appear interesting especially when compared with those relating to memory beliefs, from which emerges the underestimation of this capacity by the elderly. The present work represents the first study on the metacognitive aspects of decision-making processes in aging and contributes to a broader view of the progress of these processes over a lifetime.
Translated title of the contribution[Autom. eng. transl.] Knowledge and beliefs about the decision-making processes of the elderly
Original languageItalian
Title of host publicationX Convegno Nazionale di Psicologia dell'Invecchiamento
Pages60-61
Number of pages2
Publication statusPublished - 2017
EventX Convegno Nazionale di Psicologia dell'Invecchiamento - Fano (PU)
Duration: 19 May 201720 May 2017

Conference

ConferenceX Convegno Nazionale di Psicologia dell'Invecchiamento
CityFano (PU)
Period19/5/1720/5/17

Keywords

  • decisione
  • metacognizione

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