Conoscenze, credenze personali e generali sui processi decisionali: un confronto tra giovani, adulti di mezza età e anziani.

Translated title of the contribution: [Autom. eng. transl.] Knowledge, personal and general beliefs about decision-making processes: a comparison between young people, middle-aged adults and the elderly.

Alessia Rosi, Paola Iannello, Alessandro Antonietti, Elena Cavallini

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

[Autom. eng. transl.] Several researches have highlighted the tendency to interpret aging as a period of losses and to hold the elderly person less capable of performing cognitive tasks, particularly those of memory. Little attention was paid instead to age differences in the perception of oneself and others in decision-making skills and in the knowledge of decision-making processes. For this reason, a sample of 108 participants, divided into a group of young people (20-30 years), middle-aged adults (50-64 years) and elderly (65-85 years), completed three metacognitive questionnaires: a questionnaire on the knowledge of decision-making processes, a questionnaire that assesses what people think of their decision-making competence (personal beliefs) and one on what people think of the progress over the years of this ability related to others (general beliefs) . Finally, objective evidence was applied to measure decision-making ability. Results show that older people report lower performance than middle-aged adults and young people in the objective decision-making test. Interesting age differences also emerge regarding the questionnaire on metacognitive knowledge and personal beliefs. The elderly, compared to the other two age groups, perceive that their decision-making skills have undergone a greater change than in the past, while young people, compared to middle-aged adults and the elderly, believe that their ability will tend to improve over the next 10 years. Regarding general beliefs, there are no differences in age, but participants believe that decision-making skills increase from 20 to 40 years and a decline from 50 years. The results of the present study contribute to a greater knowledge of the progress of decision-making processes in aging.
Translated title of the contribution[Autom. eng. transl.] Knowledge, personal and general beliefs about decision-making processes: a comparison between young people, middle-aged adults and the elderly.
Original languageItalian
Title of host publicationXI Convegno Nazionale di Psicologia dell’invecchiamento. Libro degli Atti
Pages121
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2018
EventXI Convegno Nazionale di Psicologia dell’invecchiamento. - MILANO -- ITA
Duration: 25 May 201826 Jun 2018

Conference

ConferenceXI Convegno Nazionale di Psicologia dell’invecchiamento.
CityMILANO -- ITA
Period25/5/1826/6/18

Keywords

  • anziani
  • credenze generali
  • credenze personali
  • decisione

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