Concentration of Urban Violence in Fortaleza and Strategies for Crime Prevention

Régis Façanha Dantas*, Serena Favarin

*Corresponding author

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Despite the continued prevalence of violence in Latin America, there is a relative dearth of research investigating both spatial patterns of violent crimes and the effectiveness of evidence-based crime prevention policies in Brazil. This study aims to address this gap in extant knowledge by creating a Spatial Violence Index and a Restrictive Ambient Index to investigate the spatial dynamics of violent crimes and urban vulnerabilities in Fortaleza. Both exploratory spatial data analysis and spatial regression models were employed to visualize the associative patterns and measure the correlation between the two indexes. The results demonstrate how locations characterized by high levels of violence are spatially correlated with more vulnerable locations in terms of both socio-economic-demographics and urban disorder. Overall, the study identified 124 vulnerable micro-territories that would benefit from the allocation of resources in an effort to reduce violence in the city by enhancing the efficiency of policing and prevention strategies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)466-483
Number of pages18
JournalCriminal Justice Review
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Fortaleza
  • Latin America
  • concentration of violence
  • local vulnerabilities
  • spatial analysis
  • urban violence


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