Comparison of whole-canopy water use efficiency and vine performance of cv. Sangiovese (Vitis vinifera L.) vines subjected to a post-veraison water deficit

Matteo Gatti, Stefano Poni, Maria Clara Merli, Marco Galbignani, Fabio Bernizzoni, Eugenio Magnanini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the present paper a series of WUE expressions, including the physiological and agronomical, were compared in potted cv. Sangiovese (Vitis vinifera L.) grapevines which were either well watered (WW) or subjected to progressive post-veraison water stress (WS) by supplying decreasing fractions (i.e. 70%, 50% and 30%) of daily canopy transpiration (Tc) concurrently recorded via a plant-enclosure gas exchange system. While single-leaf intrinsic water-use efficiency (WUEi) increased with water stress severity, seasonal whole-canopy WUE were similar at pre-stress, 70% Tc, and upon rewatering but dropped during severe water stress. WUE calculated as mass of dry weight stored in annual biomass (leaves, canes and clusters) per liter of water used, did not differ on a seasonal basis, whereas WW and WS showed similar grape composition despite the latter suffered a 25% yield reduction. Results confirm that whole-canopy WUE is a much better index than single-leaf based WUE parameter for extrapolation to agronomic WUE and actual grape composition. Under our specific case study, due to high reactivity of Sangiovese to early yellowing and shedding of basal leaves, it can be recommended that post-veraison water supply to Sangiovese vines should not be lower than 70% of daily vine water use
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)113-120
Number of pages8
JournalScientia Horticulturae
Volume185
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • assimilation rate
  • gas exchange
  • grape composition
  • leaf-to-fruit ratio
  • transpiration rate

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