Come i bambini pensano alla mente del robot. Il ruolo dell’attaccamento e della Teoria della Mente nell’attribuzione di stati mentali ad un agente robotico (How children think about the robot’s mind. The role of attachment and Theory of Mind in the attribution of mental states to a robotic agent)

Translated title of the contribution: [Autom. eng. transl.] How children think of the robot's mind. The role of attachment and Theory of Mind in the attribution of mental states to a robotic agent (How children think about the robot's mind. The role of attachment and Theory of Mind in the attribution of mental states to a robotic agent)

Cinzia Di Dio, Federico Manzi, Federico Manzi, Davide Massaro, Antonella Marchetti, Giulia Peretti, Giulia Peretti, Angelo Cangelosi, Paul L. Harris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Human-robot interaction requires socially competent robots to encompass a range of human behaviors. At the basis of social interactions are our representations of the others’ psychological abilities. In this perspective, we asked the following question: what is the human representation of the “mind” of a robot? To address this question, we asked children aged 3 to 9 years to attribute mental states to a robot and a human before and after children interacted with them. In addition, to explore the influence of children’s psychological competencies on the attribution of mental states to robots and humans, we evaluated the child’s quality of attachment relationships and Theory of Mind competences. Against expectations, the results showed that the interaction with the robot did not influence children’s attribution of its psychological competences. The results also showed that, particularly for children aged 3 and 5 years, attachment is significantly associated with attribution of mental states to the robot. The development of Theory of Mind ultimately exerts a moderation effect on the relationship between attachment and attribution of mental states.
Translated title of the contribution[Autom. eng. transl.] How children think of the robot's mind. The role of attachment and Theory of Mind in the attribution of mental states to a robotic agent (How children think about the robot's mind. The role of attachment and Theory of Mind in the attribution of mental states to a robotic agent)
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)41-56
Number of pages16
JournalSistemi Intelligenti
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Teoria della Mente (ToM)
  • Theory of Mind (ToM)
  • attaccamento
  • attachment
  • attribution of mental states (AMS)
  • attribuzione di stati mentali (AMS)
  • bambino
  • child development
  • human-robot interaction (HRI)
  • relazione uomo-robot (HRI)
  • sviluppo

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