Collagen Specific T-Cell Repertoire and HLA-DR Alleles: Biomarkers of Active Refractory Rheumatoid Arthritis

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Abstract

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is characterized by chronic joint inflammation and associates with HLA-DRB1*04. The Collagen IIp261-273-specific T cell repertoire in the peripheral blood of DR4+ patients at the onset of the disease shows a restricted TCR-beta chain usage among which the most frequent is TRBV25. To define whether this group of DR4-restricted collagen-specific shared T cell could represent markers of activesevere disease and response to therapy, 90 subjects affected by early-RA were enrolled in the study; peripheral blood mononuclear cells were cultured with or without the human collagen II peptide p261-273 and were examined by immunoscope analysis for the usage of the previously identified shared TCR-beta chains. We report that the presence of T cells carrying rearrangement TRBV25 associated with HLA-DR haplotype and disease activity. HLA-DRB1* haplotypes 04–04, 04–01 and 04–11 were significantly associated with usage of TRBV25, higher disease activity at the onset of disease and poor response to DMARDs. Finally, the HLA-DRB1* haplotype appeared complementary with current serologic tools to predict good and poor responders in a treat to target strategy. The data reported here offer clues to predict the course of the disease and to foresee personalized treatments in RA patients. © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2037-2045
Number of pages9
JournalEBioMedicine
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • ACPA
  • Clonotypes
  • Disease activity
  • HLA-DRB1
  • TRBV 25

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