Cognitive, Behavioral and Socioemotional Development in a Cohort of Preterm Infants at School Age: A Cross-Sectional Study

Chiara Ionio, Giulia Ciuffo, Marta Landoni, Gianluca Lista, Pierangelo Veggiotti, Caterina Colombo, Irene Daniele, Barbara Scelsa, Enrico Alfei, Stefania Bova

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

More than 50% of children who survive prematurity have an atypical course of development at school age, as environmental demands become more demanding. This study examines the effects of preterm birth on the cognitive, behavioral and socio emotional development of 185 children at ages five and seven years. Weaknesses were found in attention, working memory, processing speed and the ability to correctly interpret emotions at both ages five and seven. Significant correlations were found in regression and moderation models. These findings suggest that school-age children who were preterm infants are at increased risk of exhibiting impairments in several developmental domains that may affect their overall quality of life.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-126
Number of pages12
JournalPediatric Reports
Volume14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • preterm birth
  • school-age
  • executive function
  • IQ
  • social competence

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