Cogliere l'invisibile. L'osservazione come pratica di inclusione

Translated title of the contribution: [Autom. eng. transl.] Seize the invisible. Observation as an inclusion practice

Antonella Arioli*

*Corresponding author

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


[Autom. eng. transl.] When we talk about inclusion - as well as welcome or integration - we often refer to the "different": to the stranger who comes from distant worlds, or who is defined as differently able. However, inclusion concerns each person, in the specificity that characterizes them. In this perspective, the disposition to include the other constitutes an essential foundation of the educational attitude, necessary to promote the growth of each child in respect of his individual characteristics. This intent differs decidedly from any "normalizing" or uniforming purpose. In particular, the inclusive attitude starts from oneself: from accepting personal frailties and aspects of oneself that are difficult to accept, and that is why one tries to hide, to erase from one's gaze (even before that of others). What we do not accept in others, on closer inspection, denotes how hard it is to tolerate in oneself. For the teacher, this means asking oneself about one's own shadow areas, in the conviction that only a careful and not distracted gaze on oneself allows to really meet the other, perceiving their needs, experiences and capacities still unexplored. This involves the effort, in educational practice, to train the eye to grasp even the invisible, beyond what is "shouted" or appears on the surface. But the inclusive attitude is not something taken for granted, nor is it improvised. It needs exercise and tools. In kindergarten, observation is a fundamental resource for this purpose, which allows teachers to sharpen their gaze to discover the uniqueness of children. As is known, there are many ways of observing and various types of observation. What is inspired by phenomenological-existential pedagogy makes use of methods that, in promoting the overcoming of prejudices and in countering the tendency to "pigeonhole" the other, aim to recognize the peculiarities, to understand their subjective experiences and to reveal their potential, in an opening that goes beyond simple compassion and beyond the best intentions.
Translated title of the contribution[Autom. eng. transl.] Seize the invisible. Observation as an inclusion practice
Original languageItalian
Title of host publicationSedeva presso il pozzo. Sussidio per insegnanti di religione della scuola dell'infanzia
Number of pages33
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • inclusion, observation, phenomenological point of view
  • inclusione, osservazione, sguardo fenomenologico


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