Clinical role of lung ultrasound for diagnosis and monitoring of COVID-19 pneumonia in pregnant women

Enrica Tamburrini, Giovanni Scambia, Antonio Lanzone, Antonia Carla Testa, Danilo Buonsenso, Francesca Raffaelli, Daniele Guerino Biasucci, Silvia Salvi, Andrea Smargiassi, Riccardo Inchingolo, Francesca Moro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

68 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Lung ultrasound has been suggested recently by the Chinese Critical Care Ultrasound Study Group and Italian Academy of Thoracic Ultrasound as an accurate tool to detect lung involvement in COVID-19. Although chest computed tomography (CT) represents the gold standard to assess lung involvement, with a specificity superior even to that of the nasopharyngeal swab for diagnosis, lung ultrasound examination can be a valid alternative to CT scan, with certain advantages, particularly for pregnant women. Ultrasound can be performed directly at the bed-side by a single operator, reducing the risk of spreading the disease among health professionals. Furthermore, it is a radiation-free exam, making it safer and easier to monitor those patients who require a series of exams. We report on four cases of pregnant women affected by COVID-19 who were monitored with lung ultrasound examination. All patients showed sonographic features indicative of COVID-19 pneumonia at admission: irregular pleural lines and vertical artifacts (B-lines) were observed in all four cases, and patchy areas of white lung were observed in two. Lung ultrasound was more sensitive than was chest X-ray in detecting COVID-19. In three patients, we observed almost complete resolution of lung pathology on ultrasound within 96 h of admission. Two pregnancies were ongoing at the time of writing, and two had undergone Cesarean delivery with no fetal complications. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction analysis of cord blood and newborn swabs was negative in both of these cases. Copyright © 2020 ISUOG. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)106-109
Number of pages4
JournalULTRASOUND IN OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY
Volume56
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • POCUS
  • lung ultrasound
  • pregnancy

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