Clinical Correlates of In-Hospital Mortality in Patients Undergoing Inferior Vena Cava Filter Placement for Acute Deep Vein Thrombosis

Enrica Porceddu, Rosa Talerico, Gabriele Ciasca, Giulia Cammà, Riccardo Di Santo, Matilde Peri, Alessandro Cina, Roberto Pola*, Angelo Porfidia

*Corresponding author

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: It is reasonable to place an Inferior Vena Cava Filter (IVCF) when an acute deep vein thrombosis (DVT) of the lower limbs occurs in a patient with absolute contraindication to therapeutic anticoagulation. An additional potential reason for placing an IVCF is the need to stop therapeutic anticoagulation in a patient with acute DVT who must undergo urgent non-deferrable surgery. However, IVCFs are often used outside of such established indications and many authors argue about their actual utility, especially in terms of survival. In this retrospective study, we looked for clinical correlates of in-hospital mortality among patients who underwent IVCF placement, limiting our analysis to the cases for which a correct indication to IVCF placement existed. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the electronic database of our University Hospital, searching for consecutive hospitalized patients who had acute DVT and underwent IVCF placement because of an established contraindication to therapeutic anticoagulation and/or because it was necessary to stop anticoagulation due to urgent surgery. The search covered the period between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2020. Results: The search resulted in the identification of 168 individuals. An established contraindication to therapeutic anticoagulation was present in 116 patients (69.0%), while urgent non-deferrable surgery was the reason for IVCF placement in 52 patients (31.0%). A total of 24 patients (14.3%) died during the same hospital stay in which the IVCF was placed. Mortality rate was significantly higher in patients with a contraindication to anticoagulation than in patients who underwent IVCF placement because of urgent surgery (19.0% vs. 3.8%, OD 5.85 vs. 0.17). In-hospital mortality was also significantly higher among patients with chronic kidney disease and those who needed blood cell transfusion during hospitalization. Conclusions: This study provides novel information on clinical correlates of in-hospital mortality among patients with acute DVT who undergo IVCF. Prospective observational studies are needed to substantiate these findings.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024

Keywords

  • deep vein thrombosis
  • filter
  • vena cava

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