Magnetocardiography is a noninvasive contactless method to measure the magnetic field generated by the same ionic currents that create the electrocardiogram. The time course of magnetocardiographic and electrocardiographic signals are similar. However, compared with surface potential recordings, multichannel magnetocardiographic mapping (MMCG) is a faster and contactless method for 3D imaging and localization of cardiac electrophysiologic phenomena with higher spatial and temporal resolution. For more than a decade, MMCG has been mostly confined to magnetically shielded rooms and considered to be at most an interesting matter for research activity. Nevertheless, an increasing number of papers have documented that magnetocardiography can also be useful to improve diagnostic accuracy. Most recently, the development of standardized instrumentations for unshielded MMCG, and its ease of use and reliability even in emergency rooms has triggered a new interest from clinicians for magnetocardiography, leading to several new installations of unshielded systems worldwide. In this review, clinical applications of magnetocardiography are summarized, focusing on major milestones, recent results of multicenter clinical trials and indicators of future developments.
|Number of pages||23|
|Journal||Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics|
|Publication status||Published - 2005|