Civili e guerra: armi, popolazione e territorio nella repressione della rivolta del 'Mad Mullah' in Somalia (1890-1920)

Translated title of the contribution: [Autom. eng. transl.] Civilians and war: weapons, population and territory in the repression of the 'Mad Mullah' revolt in Somalia (1890-1920)

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Moving from the experience of the repression of the revolt of Muhammad b. Abd Allah Hassan (the "Mad Mullah") (1898-1920), the paper underlines the double role that civilian populations can play in some given contexts, being on one hand the main victims of armed violence, on the other on of its main producers. The analysis of the "Mad Mullah"'s upheaval and of the campaigns carried out to crush it shed light on some key elements of contemporary "asymmetric" wars too: (1) the lack of an effective political power on the contended territories; (2) the cross-border character of the military operations; (3) the long-term nature of the crisis; (4) the need -– for the Western powers -– to adapt their modus operandi to the traits of an "unconventional" conflict, which radically differed from both the traditional wars among great powers and the previous campaigns of colonial conquest, relying on the exploitation of technical and operational superiority over the enemy into a single, decisive engagement. Finally, the paper emphasizes how the evaluation of the consequences that a conflict can have on civilian population cannot be limited to its short term effects. Although in many cases direct consequences can seem dramatic as per number of victims, displaced people or sheer violence, long term effects are equally (if not more) important impairing demographic composition and material standards of living of the affected populations and jeopardizing their juridical, social and moral systems so deeply to influence in a durable way even the most delicate processes of state and nation building.
Translated title of the contribution[Autom. eng. transl.] Civilians and war: weapons, population and territory in the repression of the 'Mad Mullah' revolt in Somalia (1890-1920)
Original languageItalian
Title of host publicationActa XXXIV Congresso della Commissione Internazionale di Storia Militare, "Conflitti militari e popolazioni civili. Guerre totali, guerre limitate, guerre asimmetriche", Trieste, 31 agosto-5 settembre 2008
Pages527-538
Number of pages12
VolumeTomo 2
Publication statusPublished - 2009
EventXXXIV Congresso della Commissione Internazionale di Storia Militare, "Conflitti militari e popolazioni civili. Guerre totali, guerre limitate, guerre asimmetriche", Trieste - Trieste
Duration: 31 Aug 20085 Sep 2008

Conference

ConferenceXXXIV Congresso della Commissione Internazionale di Storia Militare, "Conflitti militari e popolazioni civili. Guerre totali, guerre limitate, guerre asimmetriche", Trieste
CityTrieste
Period31/8/085/9/08

Keywords

  • Anglo-Italian relations (XIX/XX century)
  • British Somaliland
  • Guerra e popolazione civile
  • Guerriglia e controguerriglia
  • Imperialismo italiano
  • Insurgency & counterinsurgency
  • Italian Somaliland
  • Italian imperialism
  • Muhammad b. Abd Allah Hassan
  • Relazioni italo-britanniche (XIX/XX secolo)
  • Somalia italiana
  • Somaliland britannico
  • Trattato di Illig (1905)
  • Treaty of Illig (1905)
  • War and civilian population

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