Chemical and biological control of Fusarium species involved in garlic dry rot at early crop stages

Letizia Mondani, Giorgio Chiusa, Paola Battilani*

*Corresponding author

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The aim of the study was to test in vitro and in vivo the efficacy of triazoles and biocontrol agents (BCAs) against Fusarium proliferatum and F. oxysporum, the former signaled as the main causal agent of garlic dry rot and the latter also involved. In vitro trials were organized using potato dextrose agar with added chemicals or BCAs inoculated with selected F. proliferatum and F. oxysporum. Garlic cloves were dipped before sowing in suspensions prepared with the fungicides showing the best performances in vitro; then they were dipped in Fusaria suspension before sowing. In in vitro trials, the maximum Fusaria growth inhibition was performed by Propiconazole + Prochloraz (100%), followed by Tebuconazole (88.9%). BCAs showed great capacity to control Fusaria, with a maximum growth inhibition of 80% (Trichoderma harzianum + T. gamsii). In vivo bacterial BCAs showed a similar capacity to control F. proliferatum and F. oxysporum compared to chemical products (mean of severity index 18.6% and 11.7%, respectively). In vivo results confirmed the in vitro performances, except for Trichoderma, which had the worst performances in vivo. Therefore, the results are preliminary but promising for future field application.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)575-587
Number of pages13
JournalEuropean Journal of Plant Pathology
Volume160
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Allium sativum
  • Biocontrol agent
  • Fusarium oxysporum
  • Fusarium proliferatum
  • Seed coating
  • Triazoles

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