Characteristics and patterns of care of endometrial cancer before and during COVID-19 pandemic

Giorgio Bogani, Giovanni Scambia, Chiara Cimmino, Francesco Fanfani, Barbara Costantini, Matteo Loverro, Maria Gabriella Ferrandina, Fabio Landoni, Luca Bazzurini, Tommaso Grassi, Domenico Vitobello, Gabriele Siesto, Anna Myriam Perrone, Vanna Zanagnolo, Pierandrea De Iaco, Francesco Multinu, Fabio Ghezzi, Jvan Casarin, Roberto Berretta, Vito A. CapozziErrico Zupi, Gabriele Centini, Antonio Pellegrino, Antonio Agostino Pellegrino, Silvia Corso, Guido Stevenazzi, Serena Montoli, Stefano Montoli, Anna Chiara Boschi, Giuseppe Comerci, Gianluca Comerci, Pantaleo Greco, Pierfrancesco Greco, Ruby Martinello, Francesco Sopracordevole, Giorgio Giorda, Tommaso Simoncini, Marta Caretto, Enrico Sartori, Federico Ferrari, Antonio Cianci, Giuseppe Sarpietro, Maria Grazia Matarazzo, Fulvio Zullo, Giuseppe Bifulco, Michele Morelli, Marco Morelli, Annamaria Ferrero, Nicoletta Biglia, Fabio Barra, Simone Ferrero, Umberto Leone Roberti Maggiore, Stefano Cianci, Vito Chiantera, Alfredo Ercoli, Giulio Sozzi, Angela Martoccia, Sergio Schettini, Sergio Crescenzo Schettini, Teresa Orlando, Francesco G. Cannone, Giuseppe Ettore, Andrea Puppo, Martina Borghese, Canio Martinelli, Ludovico Muzii, Violante Di Donato, Lorenza Driul, Stefano Restaino, Alice Bergamini, Giorgio Candotti, Luca Bocciolone, Francesco Plotti, Roberto Angioli, Giulia Mantovani, Marcello Ceccaroni, Chiara Cassani, Mattia Dominoni, Laura Giambanco, Silvia Amodeo, Livio Leo, Maria Laura Leo, Raphael Thomasset, Diego Raimondo, Renato Seracchioli, Mario Malzoni, Franco Gorlero, Martina Di Luca, Enrico Busato, Sami Kilzie, Andrea Dell'Acqua, Antonio Dell'Acqua, Giovanna Scarfone, Paolo Vercellini, Marco Petrillo, Salvatore Dessole, Giampiero Capobianco, Andrea Ciavattini, Giovanni Delli Carpini, Luca Giannella, Liliana Mereu, Saverio Tateo, Flavia Sorbi, Massimiliano Fambrini, Stefania Cicogna, Federico Romano, Federica Romano, Giuseppe Ricci, Giuseppe Trojano, Roberto Consonni, Simona Cantaluppi, Antonio Lippolis, Raffaele Tinelli, Giovanni D'Ippolito, Lorenzo Aguzzoli, Vincenzo D. Mandato, Stefano Palomba, Davide Calandra, Maurizio Rosati, Cinzia Gallo, Daniela Surico, Valentino Remorgida, Francesco Ruscitto, Paolo Beretta, Pierluigi Benedetti Panici, Francesco Raspagliesi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak has correlated with the disruption of screening activities and diagnostic assessments. Endometrial cancer (EC) is one of the most common gynecological malignancies and it is often detected at an early stage, because it frequently produces symptoms. Here, we aim to investigate the impact of COVID-19 outbreak on patterns of presentation and treatment of EC patients. Methods: This is a retrospective study involving 54 centers in Italy. We evaluated patterns of presentation and treatment of EC patients before (period 1: March 1, 2019 to February 29, 2020) and during (period 2: April 1, 2020 to March 31, 2021) the COVID-19 outbreak. Results: Medical records of 5,164 EC patients have been retrieved: 2,718 and 2,446 women treated in period 1 and period 2, respectively. Surgery was the mainstay of treatment in both periods (p=0.356). Nodal assessment was omitted in 689 (27.3%) and 484 (21.2%) patients treated in period 1 and 2, respectively (p<0.001). While, the prevalence of patients undergoing sentinel node mapping (with or without backup lymphadenectomy) has increased during the COVID-19 pandemic (46.7% in period 1 vs. 52.8% in period 2; p<0.001). Overall, 1,280 (50.4%) and 1,021 (44.7%) patients had no adjuvant therapy in period 1 and 2, respectively (p<0.001). Adjuvant therapy use has increased during COVID-19 pandemic (p<0.001). Conclusion: Our data suggest that the COVID-19 pandemic had a significant impact on the characteristics and patterns of care of EC patients. These findings highlight the need to implement healthcare services during the pandemic.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)50-56
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Gynecologic Oncology
Volume33
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • Endometrial Cancer
  • Endometrial Neoplasms
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Pandemics
  • Retrospective Studies
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • Uterine cancer

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