The paper intends to illustrate the stance taken by the Unione Popolare Cattolica Italiana concerning education and schools. As is well known, the Unione Popolare, together with the Unione Elettorale and the Unione Economico-Sociale, unified the Catholic movement by virtue of the new asset promoted by the encyclical Il Fermo Proposito (11th June 1905). Despite not having received the attention it deserved from historians of the Catholic education in Giolittian era, the Unione Popolare actually took active part in the political debate on education of the time, which revolved around the theme of school laity and the transition of primary school management from the municipalities to the State. Through the analysis of coeval material – both published but not adequately appreciated, and unpublished (in particular the “Carte Toniolo” in the Vatican Apostolic Library) –, the paper intends to fill a gap in the respective literature and reconstruct the initiatives promoted by the Unione in its early years, namely from 1906 to 1909. During this period, the foundations of the new organization were laid under the influential presidency of Giuseppe Toniolo. I intend to document the continuity, as well as the innovations, found in the positions adopted by the Unione Popolare with regard to the opinions formerly expressed by the Catholic movement. This will be achieved by analyzing material from three key sources; the lessons on education that were held during the “Settimane sociali” of the time, the discussion that took place during the Genoa Congress on education (1908), and the advertising material produced by the Unione Popolare.
|Translated title of the contribution||[Autom. eng. transl.] Catholics, education and school in the early years of the Popular Union (1906-1909)|
|Number of pages||32|
|Journal||HISTORY OF EDUCATION & CHILDREN'S LITERATURE|
|Publication status||Published - 2014|
- History of education
- Popular Education
- XX Century