Cardiovascular risk factors in healthy women with previous small for gestational age infants.

Giancarlo Paradisi, Maria Vittoria Mattoli, Claudia Tomei, Cecilia Zuppi, Paola Lulli, Lorena Quagliozzi, Alessandro Caruso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)


Aim:  To investigate whether healthy women with a previous pregnancy complicated by a small for gestational age (SGA) infant have normal endothelial function, carbohydrate and lipid metabolism, and normal inflammation parameters. Material and Methods:  Brachial artery flow-mediated dilatation (FMD, endothelium-dependent) was measured in 16 subjects with previous SGA, and in 15 controls (CTR) with previous normal pregnancies. Lipid panel, glucose, insulin, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (s-ICAM), soluble vascular (s-VCAM-1) adhesion molecule-1 (s-VCAM-1), and androgens were also measured. Results:  FMD was reduced in women with previous SGA compared to controls (P < 0.0001). SGA women showed increased insulin resistance (P < 0.0001), s-ICAM-1 (P = 0.008), TNF-alpha (P = 0.02), testosterone (P = 0.03), and diastolic blood pressure (P = 0.01) than CTR. Conclusion:  Endothelial dysfunction, reduced insulin sensitivity and subclinical inflammation are present in otherwise healthy women with previous SGA. These abnormalities show that the presence of a SGA infant in the obstetric history should be considered as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease later in life.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1397-1404
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2011


  • SGA
  • cardiovascular risck factors


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