BRINDIAMO ALLA PREVENZIONE: RISULTATI DI UN INTERVENTO DI FORMAZIONE PER IL CONSUMO RESPONSABILE DI ALCOOL TRA UN CAMPIONE DI STUDENTI DELLE SCUOLE MEDIE

Translated title of the contribution: [Autom. eng. transl.] TOAST TO PREVENTION: RESULTS OF A TRAINING INTERVENTION FOR RESPONSIBLE ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION AMONG A SAMPLE OF MIDDLE SCHOOL STUDENTS

Gualtiero Ricciardi, Andrea Poscia, Chiara De Waure, F Di Stefano, V Soffiani, E. Sgreccia

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

[Autom. eng. transl.] INTRODUCTION: Alcohol consumption, which has exploded among young people especially in recent years, is a phenomenon of particular interest for Public Health due to the serious repercussions it can have not only on the individual, but on the whole society. The easy availability, the degree of social acceptance, the scarce knowledge of the damages caused by the abuse, the disinhibition and the euphoria associated with the assumption, contribute to nourish the immoderate consumption which, especially in young age, is associated with other behaviors to risk to health, with the possibility of serious implications also in the psycho-social field and on cognitive and emotional development. The present work aims to present the results of a health promotion school project to promote responsible alcohol consumption among pre-adolescents MATERIALS AND METHODS: The health promotion intervention was carried out in the school year 2013/2014 in two middle schools in Rome, through three meetings in which all the classes participated. The group management was carried out through the techniques of: circle time, interactive theater and focus group, with the help of a questionnaire to detect the perceptions of the alcohol abuse phenomenon. The questionnaire, composed of 15 multiple choice questions and face to investigate the characteristics of alcohol intake and the related behavioral repercussions among preadolescents, it was the subject of discussion and debate between students and professors. Descriptive and inferential analysis was conducted through the IC software Stata 12 for Mac. between groups (gender and classes) were performed using the non-parametric Kruskal Wallis and trend tests. Values of p <0.05 were considered significant. RESULTS: The sample, 200 students between 10 and 13 years, consists of 98 girls and 102 boys. All the questionnaires were returned correctly completed. From a general point of view, it can be noted that, fortunately, the percentage of young people who have not yet started drinking is still quite high: 85.5% say they have never drunk spirits, 74.5% never beer and 71.5 % never wine.The frequency of consumption, broken down by type of alcohol, is shown in the figure below Considering 24.5% of the boys who claim to have started drinking, most (64%) did so between 11 and 12 years, but 27% started earlier, between 9 and 10 years, while only 9% between 13 and 14 years. 19% said they got drunk at least once, mainly during the Saturday night release with friends (7%), but also during a birthday party (2.5%) or on a school trip (1%). The radar chart shown below is chosen to provide an overview of the average level of risk broken down by class, clearly shows how risky behaviors increase with age students. The differences are significant for all behaviors except the starting age (drinking age). Furthermore, the analysis by trend shows a significant increase in risk as the educational path increases (from the 1st average to the 3rd average) for all the aforementioned behaviors. The analysis disaggregated by gender showed a slightly higher risk for males, although this difference was significant only for the age of the first intoxication. CONCLUSIONS: Our study confirmed that alcohol consumption, especially among the youngest, is the result of voluntary behavior, rooted in experimental curiosity and motivated by multiple socio-psychological factors. The incomplete awareness of the risks associated with alcohol underlines the importance of continuing in the prevention activity, not only through national and international campaigns and regulations, but also with training interventions aimed at the character
Translated title of the contribution[Autom. eng. transl.] TOAST TO PREVENTION: RESULTS OF A TRAINING INTERVENTION FOR RESPONSIBLE ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION AMONG A SAMPLE OF MIDDLE SCHOOL STUDENTS
Original languageItalian
Title of host publicationAtti del 47° Congresso Nazionale SItI
PagesN/A
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Event47° Congresso Nazionale SItI - Riccione
Duration: 1 Oct 20144 Oct 2014

Conference

Conference47° Congresso Nazionale SItI
CityRiccione
Period1/10/144/10/14

Keywords

  • Alcool
  • Studenti

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