Brief Report: Self-Based and Mechanical-Based Future Thinking in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Stefano Vicari, Andrea Marini, Ferretto Ferretti, A. Marini, F. Ferretti, A. Chiera, R. Magni, I. Adornetti, S. Nicchiarelli, G. Valeri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This brief report is a partial replication of the study by Jackson and Atance (J Dev Disabil 14:40–45, 2008) assessing nonverbal Self-based and Mechanical-based future thinking (FT) in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). In a first step, these tasks were administered to 30 children with ASD. The two Self-based tasks were then modified as a verbal component could not be completely ruled out. Consequently, 77 children with ASD and 77 children with typical development received the modified Self-based FT tasks and the Mechanical-based FT tasks. We partially replicated the previous findings. Participants with ASD had impaired FT in both kinds of tasks and both groups performed better on tasks assessing Mechanical-based FT than Self-based FT. These results suggest that impairments of FT in ASD are not limited to Self-Projection.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3353-3360
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume46
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Autism Spectrum Disorder
  • Mechanical-based future thinking
  • Scene construction
  • Self-based future thinking

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