Brief Report: Self-Based and Mechanical-Based Future Thinking in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

A. Marini*, Andrea Marini*, F. Ferretti, Ferretto Ferretti, A. Chiera, R. Magni, I. Adornetti, S. Nicchiarelli, Stefano Vicari, G. Valeri

*Corresponding author

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This brief report is a partial replication of the study by Jackson and Atance (J Dev Disabil 14:40–45, 2008) assessing nonverbal Self-based and Mechanical-based future thinking (FT) in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). In a first step, these tasks were administered to 30 children with ASD. The two Self-based tasks were then modified as a verbal component could not be completely ruled out. Consequently, 77 children with ASD and 77 children with typical development received the modified Self-based FT tasks and the Mechanical-based FT tasks. We partially replicated the previous findings. Participants with ASD had impaired FT in both kinds of tasks and both groups performed better on tasks assessing Mechanical-based FT than Self-based FT. These results suggest that impairments of FT in ASD are not limited to Self-Projection.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3353-3360
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume46
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Autism Spectrum Disorder
  • Mechanical-based future thinking
  • Scene construction
  • Self-based future thinking

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