Breastfeeding and infectious diseases: state of the art

Antonio Alberto Zuppa, Eleonora Antichi, Annalisa Fracchiolla, Chiara Carducci, Piero Catenazzi, Costantino Romagnoli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Despite the well-known nutritive, psychological, immunological and economical benefits of breast-feeding, some contraindications exist, such as some mother infectious diseases transmitted through the breastfeeding itself. The risk of transmitting an infectious agent through breast milk seems to be relatively low, except for some virus diseases (CMV HIV), for some invasive bacteria forms (Salmonella typhimurium and Brucella) and for the presence of abscesses and mastitis. In some mother infectious disease, a correct hygiene allows the continuation of breastfeeding without risks for the infant, whereas in other cases it is recommended to breastfeed for the role of defence carried out from specific antibodies contained in the breast milk. Therefore, the decision of interrupting the breastfeeding may be done only after comparing risks and benefits, considering current knowledge on transmission of infectious pathologies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)397-409.
Number of pages13
JournalMinerva Pediatrica
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • Breastfeeding

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