Biochemical and molecular diagnosis of insecticide resistance conferred by esterase, MACE, kdr and super-kdr based mechanisms in Italian strains of the peach potato aphid, Myzus persicae (Sulzer)

Emanuele Mazzoni, Piero Cravedi, A. Criniti, S. Cassanelli, A. Tondelli, D. Bizzaro, G. C. Manicardi

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32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper we analysed the basis of insecticide resistance in 59 Italian strains of the peach potato aphid Myzus persicae using both molecular and biochemical assays. Our data as a whole clearly indicate that most M. persicae strains (76.3%) have high or extremely high production of an esterase enzyme which sequester and detoxify insecticides with esteric group. Kdr genotypes conferring resistance towards pyrethoids are present in 57.7% of the analysed populations. Moreover, 26.5% of the kdr positive strains possess also the M918T mutation conferring super-kdr phenotype. Strains with modified AChE (MACE) are not so numerous (27.1%), although they can be found almost everywhere in Italy. Considering all the strains analysed, both MACE and kdr phenotypes are associated with high levels of esterase activity. In Central–Southern regions, kdr and MACE resistance mechanisms resulted in linkage disequilibrium. Bioassays performed in order to evaluate the efficacy of a pyrethroid insecticide against a strain possessing a F979S mutation within its paratype sodium channel gene suggests that this amino acid substitution could affect the sodium channel responsivity to pyrethroids.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)168-174
Number of pages7
JournalPesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
Volume90
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

Keywords

  • Myzus persicae
  • insecticide resistance
  • kdr resistance
  • pyrethroids
  • sodium channel

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