Beyond the Labor Income Tax Wedge: The Unemployment-Reducing Effect of Tax Progressivity

Claudio Lucifora, Simone Moriconi, Etienne Lehmann, Bruno Van Der Linden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, we argue that, 1 for a given overall level of labour income taxation, a more progressive tax schedule increases employment. From a theoretical point of view, higher progressivity increases overall employment through a wage moderating effect and also because employment of low-paid workers is more elastic to wages. We test these theoretical predictions on a panel of 21 OECD countries over 1998–2008. Controlling for the burden of taxation at the average wage, our estimates suggest that a more progressive tax schedule reduces the unemployment rate and increases the employment rate. These findings are confirmed when we account for the potential endogeneity of both average taxation and progressivity. Overall, our results suggest that policy-makers should not only focus on the detrimental effects of tax progressivity on in-work effort, but also consider the employment-enhancing effects.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)N/A-N/A
JournalInternational Tax and Public Finance
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Tax Progressivity
  • Unemployment

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