Benessere e contesto familiare in adolescenti che hanno vissuto un conflitto etnico

Translated title of the contribution: [Autom. eng. transl.] Well-being and family background in teenagers who have experienced an ethnic conflict

Vilma Rita Binda, Silvia Galvani

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

[Autom. eng. transl.] The data of this study, conducted in an attempt to explain the medium and long-term effects of exposure to violence in adolescents who have experienced a political conflict during childhood, seem to confirm the centrality of the acquiring meaning and making meaning factor. The data presented testify that, at least in this sample, having lived through the war did not have a direct effect on well-being but influenced it through the variable Sense of Coherence, an indicator of the process of resilience (Almedom, 2005). The construct of Senso, in the double meaning of meaning and direction (Scabini, 2008) is configured in our results more as a process than a content. The ability to give meaning to what is lived (or lived) does not seem to eliminate the onset of symptoms attributable to PTSD but seems to combine these, as two sides of the same coin, with elements of well-being that do not neutralize the former but allow to maintain a dynamic balance towards positive growth. Sense, or the construction of meaning, is a typically human and central skill for well-being, because it is fundamental for the capacity for coping and enachment of identity. (Vignoles, 2006). In the research presented here the individual level of the variable Sense of Coherence is connoted as the keystone of the resilience process, a sign that, after all, even well-being in the post-war period is a conquest that is played at the level of the individual adolescent. However, since the subject is part of a system in constant interaction, the individual variable opens up to be influenced by contextual variables. In particular, the Kosovan family context seems to exert its influence through two dynamics of a purely relational nature, such as the adolescent's perception that his family is able to understand and manage events and that it is possible and supported by it and sharing. With equal exposure to war, those who perceive their environment as supportive and judge their family able to cope with strains and implement effective strategies show an increase in the individual capacity of Sense of Coherence, directly linked to well-being. In this regard it is emphasized that the social and emotional support in this area is characterized as an antecedent of the Consistency Sense construct, and this in contrast with what is expressed in literature (Antonovsky, 1987) but in line with what emerged in previous studies in area of political violence (Punamaki et al., 2004). From the applicative point of view these data seem to suggest the need for a commitment not so much, or not only, with respect to the single subject, as proposed by the numerous projects of International Cooperation, but rather a design that broadens the look to the context (family and community) to the the interior of which the individual resumes living after a war. Having put the spotlight on adolescents has allowed us to say that a work on this target is protective for themselves and promoted for the community to which they belong.
Translated title of the contribution[Autom. eng. transl.] Well-being and family background in teenagers who have experienced an ethnic conflict
Original languageItalian
Title of host publicationVivere l'interculturalità
EditorsGIOVANNA LEONE
Pages127-137
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Publication series

NamePSICOLOGIA DELLO SVILUPPO SOCIALE E CLINICO

Keywords

  • BENESSERE
  • CONFLITTO ETNICO

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