Avere fiducia nella medicina è una question di età: la certezza del sapere medico nelle credenze epistemologiche degli anziani.

Translated title of the contribution: [Autom. eng. transl.] Trusting in medicine is a question of age: the certainty of medical knowledge in the epistemological beliefs of the elderly.

Manuela Eliane Anna Cantoia, Paola Iannello, Venusia Covelli, Alessandro Antonietti

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

[Autom. eng. transl.] Epistemological beliefs about medicine refer to the set of beliefs that an individual has about the nature of medical knowledge. In particular, they refer (a) to the certainty of medical knowledge; (b) the reliability of medical information sources; (c) the evolution of medical knowledge over time. Recent literature has shown that epistemological beliefs in medicine can partly influence the patient's behavior with regard to their health and the quality of the doctor-patient relationship, both in terms of shared decision-making processes and in relation to the adherence of the patient to therapy. The present study aims to investigate how age affects the development of different epistemological beliefs in medicine. The sample consists of 227 orthopedic patients divided into three groups based on age: (a) young (N = 44, average age = 29.3 years, DS = 7.0; range ages 18-39); (b) middle age (N = 114, average age = 53.6 years; DS = 6.4; age range 40-64); (c) elderly (N = 69, average age = 72.8 years; DS = 5.5; age range 65-87). The whole sample was given the Italian version of the questionnaire "Epistemic Beliefs About Medicine - EBAM" (Kienhues and Bromme, 2012; Cantoia et al., In preparation). The tool consists of 24 items aimed at investigating the epistemological beliefs in medicine in everyday life. The results, obtained through a factorial ANOVA, indicate that the epistemological beliefs relating to medical knowledge, in interaction with the level of education of the participants, differ significantly between the different groups. In particular, the oldest group reports the highest belief score with respect to the certainty of medical knowledge (F (2,208) = 15.6 p <.001) and the impossibility of such knowledge being reviewed and modified over time ( F (2.208) = 3.2 p <.05). The theoretical and practical implications of the results are discussed.
Translated title of the contribution[Autom. eng. transl.] Trusting in medicine is a question of age: the certainty of medical knowledge in the epistemological beliefs of the elderly.
Original languageItalian
Title of host publicationXI Convegno Nazionale di Psicologia dell’invecchiamento.
Pages86
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2018
EventXI Convegno Nazionale di Psicologia dell’invecchiamento. - Milano
Duration: 25 May 201826 May 2018

Conference

ConferenceXI Convegno Nazionale di Psicologia dell’invecchiamento.
CityMilano
Period25/5/1826/5/18

Keywords

  • anziani
  • credenze epistemologiche

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